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  • Igor Grosu
    Igor Grosu “The plebiscite is a chance for Moldovans to show loudly and clearly that we are Europeans. ... We are not entering Europe, we are returning to it.” 7 hours ago
  • Maia Sandu
    Maia Sandu “Joining the EU is the best thing we can give this and future generations.” 7 hours ago
  • Igor Dodon
    Igor Dodon “We are categorically opposed to this referendum. We are not saying 'no' to talks with the EU and we are not opposed to the EU. We oppose Sandu using it as an instrument for her own interests and those of her party. We are therefore asking voters during the campaign not to take part in the referendum.” 7 hours ago
  • Ben Hodges
    Ben Hodges “Since the fall of Avdiivka in Ukraine's east on February 17 [2024], its forces have oozed forward, swallowing several villages, as Ukrainian forces have performed tactical retreats. Here we are in April [2024], and [the Russians] are oozing out. Why is that? I think it's because that's the best the Russians can do. They do not have the capability to knock Ukraine out of the war. Russia lacked the ability to equip large armoured formations that could move rapidly, with supporting artillery, engineers and logistics. I don't think it exists. That's why I feel fairly confident that the mission for [Ukrainian] general Oleksandr Syrskyi for the next several months is to stabilise this as much as he can to buy time for Ukraine to grow the size of the army, to rebuild the defence industry of Ukraine, as well as give us time to find more ammunition for them. I think of 2024 as a year of industrial competition. So the army has got to buy time.” 9 hours ago
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North Korea - South Korea relations

Page with all the IPSEs stored in the archive related to the Context North Korea - South Korea relations.
The IPSEs are presented in chronological order based on when the IPSEs have been pronounced.

“The Kim regime prioritizes advancing its military capabilities and doesn't care to stay quiet during the South Korean legislative election campaign. But firing an intermediate-range missile lacks the shock value of a full-range ICBM [intercontinental ballistic missile] launch or a nuclear test, so it's unlikely to swing any National Assembly seats. Although Pyongyang's weapons development remains a major concern, Seoul is currently focused on health care reform, economic policies, and domestic political scandals.”

author
Professor at Ewha University in Seoul
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“The South Korean-U.S. training is over, but the North's isn't over yet. They won't just stand still … they've been talking about war.”

author
Analyst at Asan Institute for Policy Studies
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“As already declared, the KPA [Korean People's Army] will launch an immediate military strike if the enemy makes even a slight provocation.”

author
North Korean politician serving as the Deputy Director of the United Front Department of the Workers' Party of Korea
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“Kim [Kim Jong-un] has officially declared his intention not to engage in any dialogue with the Yoon Suk Yeol administration. It's a clear indication that Pyongyang will walk away from inter-Korean relations. If you read between the lines, what Kim meant is that his regime will achieve its ultimate goal of unification through the use of force, not through peaceful means. It seeks the collapse of South Korea.”

author
Senior analyst at the Korea Institute for National Unification
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“I believe that it is a mistake that we must no longer make to deal with the people who declare us as 'the main enemy' and seek opportunities for 'our regime collapse' and 'unification by absorption' by collaborating for reconciliation and unification.”

author
Leader of North Korea
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“Tension on the peninsula is likely to reach its peak in coming months as North Korea is accelerating its military actions with higher frequency, and her [Kim Yo Jong's] statement indicates that it would continue impromptu missile tests using the Pacific as its shooting range.”

author
Professor at the University of North Korean Studies
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“If North Korea conducts the seventh nuclear test, which could happen at any time, it will be a game changer in a sense that North Korea could develop and deploy tactical nuclear missiles.”

author
South Korea Foreign Minister
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“I warn that we will watch every movement of the enemy and take corresponding and very powerful and overwhelming counteraction against its every move hostile to us.”

author
North Korean politician serving as the Deputy Director of the United Front Department of the Workers' Party of Korea
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“This year could be a year of crisis with military tension on the Korean peninsula going beyond what it was like in 2017. North Korea's hardline stance … and aggressive weapons development when met with South Korea-US joint exercises and proportional response could raise the tension in a flash, and we cannot rule out what's similar to a regional conflict when the two sides have a misunderstanding of the situation.”

author
Senior researcher at the state-run Korea Institute for National Unification
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“While North Korea apparently lacks such [high-level] drone capabilities, it potentially could fly several dozen armed drones into the ROK Presidential Office or National Assembly or an oil refinery, causing serious damage. North Korea could also use drones to carry chemical and biological weapons. Only small amounts of biological weapons are required to cause a major disaster in the ROK. For example, the release of 1 to 2 kilograms of anthrax along the route the one drone took into northern Seoul could kill tens of thousands of people or far more and create a major medical crisis in the ROK.”

author
Senior international defense analyst at the RAND Corporation
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“The incident showed a substantial lack of our military's preparedness and training for the past several years and clearly confirmed the need for more intense readiness and training.”

author
President of South Korea
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“South Korea will seek international support and try hard to impose additional sanctions on us. But, with our right to survival and development being threatened, why are we afraid of sanctions … and why would we stop?”

author
North Korean politician serving as the Deputy Director of the United Front Department of the Workers' Party of Korea
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“The current diplomatic impasse is clearly due to North Korea's disinterest in talks with the U.S. and South Korea, which seems in part because North Korea wants to signal that the complete, verifiable, irreversible denuclearization (CVID) of North Korea is off the negotiation table. But if North Korea's internal and/or external (particularly with respect to China and Russia) environment changes, there could be a window of opportunity that North Korea may want to resume dialogue with the United States and/or South Korea to seek a partial sanctions relief and other things. We should not give up the North's denuclearization because if we do that, this will make North Korea believe that their strategy of nuclear coercion works and could lead the country to make miscalculations and become more aggressive.”

author
Deputy director of the Korea Chair at the Washington-based think tank, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
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“My view is that Pyongyang has not yet received any proposal which it sees as meeting its two criteria, which it made clear through North Korea's ambassador to the United Nations in New York in September 2020. They said any proposal for talks must make possible economic modernization and show them respect. The Audacious Initiative proposed by the Yoon Suk-yeol administration offers modernization but does not show the North respect, as it is effectively another form of aid package.”

author
U.K. social entrepreneur who was behind forging a path to help overcome apartheid in South Africa and other peacebuilding efforts in the continent
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“It would be extremely unwise for North Korea to conduct a seventh nuclear test. We must respond consistently, and in lockstep with each other. China can and must exercise influence to stop North Korea from developing weapons. What is sure is that China has the capability to influence North Korea, and China has the responsibility to engage in the process.”

author
President of South Korea
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“Given that South Korea and the United States are conducting a combined air exercise, regarded as the strongest deterrence against the North Korean threats, the missile launch during the ongoing drills indicates the North has strong confidence in its nuclear capability. Since Sept. 25, North Korea has kept firing missiles ― even during China's important party congress. In addition, the North had staged military provocations in consideration of South Korea's domestic situation to some extent, but the missile launch during the South's mourning period of the Itaewon crowd crush, means that it will only focus on gaining recognition as a nuclear weapons state without taking anything into consideration before holding negotiations with the U.S. on the nuclear issue. To this end, North Korea is widely expected to ratchet up tensions further on the peninsula.”

author
Professor of North Korean studies at Ewha Womans University
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“Pyongyang's politics of blaming external threats and projecting confidence in military capabilities can motivate greater risk taking. North Korean probing of South Korean perimeter defenses could lead to a serious exchange of fire and unintended escalation.”

author
Professor at Ewha University in Seoul
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“It was unusual that the North announced that it was reacting to a 10-hour long artillery drill. It seems like the shelling was aimed at testing whether Seoul really thinks about breaking the military agreement. If the North dared to ignore the agreement, it can simply arm its soldiers in the Demilitarized Zone. Many South Korean politicians assume that the North is staging the military actions with some great purpose in mind, but there are fair chances that Pyongyang is just responding to Seoul's stance of enhancing extended deterrence with the U.S. If we look into the situation from North Korea's shoes, South Korea's new Yoon government abruptly started to mention extended deterrence. Then, it brought a U.S. aircraft carrier for naval drills, so the North also started to react. And now, South Korea is talking about deploying U.S. nuclear weapons or developing its own warheads. I'm not trying to justify the North's military actions, but it is questionable whether the current spiral of provocation-punishment is helpful in controlling the situation of the Korean Peninsula. The North has become confident about its weapon system. Unlike in the past, there will not be a breather if the two sides keep raising tensions.”

author
Senior researcher at the state-run Korea Institute for National Unification
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“This type of material provocation by the North is always followed by a political offensive and socio-psychological offensive aimed at reunifying the Korean Peninsula under communism. The top priority is having a firm awareness of the enemy and a strong commitment to defending the Constitution by upholding our liberal democracy.”

author
President of South Korea
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“I know the people must be worried, but our government will thoroughly take care of the people's lives and safety through a strong South Korea-U.S. alliance and security cooperation between South Korea, the U.S. and Japan.”

author
President of South Korea
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